Tuesday, December 20, 2016

Monday, October 10, 2016

When Will America Return the Favor – And Discover Columbus: The Untold Story?

The following retrospective -- on his very "close encounter" with my book -- was written by Bob Lamming of an unusually effective article encapsulating my "untold story" titled End of the Enigmatic Christopher Columbus: A Man at Last Emerges to Eradicate the Myth. Since the website for which it was intended does not publish personal reviews, we are posting our follow-up below.  

Columbus: The Untold Story is available for purchase at: www.Columbus-Book.com

When Will America Return the Favor – And Discover Columbus: The Untold Story?
by Bob Lamming

he article we did last May – “End of the Enigmatic Christopher Columbus: A Man at Last Emerges to Eradicate the Myth” – drew a very positive response. In remembrance of Columbus Day, we've been invited to expand on that discussion. 

Last Spring I worked intensely on Manuel Rosa's Columbus-The Untold Story, and on our article for Ancient Origins. What I brought to the partnership were my skills as an English instructor – coming out of retirement, to do an odd job here and there. 

Prior to this engagement, I knew almost nothing of the Columbus controversy, and I cared less. The strongest impression I retain of the job I did half a year ago is how compelling I found Rosa's well researched argument, and how deeply engrossed I became in the unfolding narrative as I read and edited the English-language debut of Columbus: The Untold Story

I see no point in mimicking our earlier effort. The overview we presented five months ago could scarcely be improved upon. For a sympathetic, well-informed discussion of the book that goes into greater depth – and supplies a different selection of evidence – please see the (January 15, 2013) piece on Columbus by Greek-Polish historian Miltiades Varvounis, at the Lithuanian historical website Draugas News.

Why reinvent the wheel?

In any case, Manuel Rosa himself – who's lived a quarter century with this material, and persevered doggedly to make his findings known – should be making a webinar appearance soon on the members' page at Ancient Origins. Have your questions ready. 

Beyond that, there is no remedy but to read the book itself. In fact, your own engagement with Rosa's "untold story" could have meaningful side effects – on more sides than one.

ooner or later, this new Columbus paradigm must address the English-speaking world. Attracting the attention of a major American publisher is the next logical step, for this is where the promotion and distribution capacity exists to put Rosa's Columbus on trial in the verbal venue that's most critical to its establishment as fact – or its conclusive refutation. Why this hasn't happened yet is a mystery to me. 

Over the past decade, Columbus: The Untold Story has come out in four other European languages – with sufficient mainstream coverage and authoritative acclaim, I would think, to warrant its widespread promotion in English. An option on the movie rights is being discussed. What's more, the limited edition that Outwater Media Group published, to mark the 500th anniversary of Columbus' death on May 20, includes four completely new chapters – about a fourth of the book's entire content, in its present form. None of this remarkable material appeared in the earlier, Portuguese, Spanish, Polish or Lithuanian editions.

A couple years back, when I re-read Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, I learned that its author had submitted the manuscript to well over a hundred publishers before one of them took a chance on what would become an American classic. When my wife treated me a few months back to a movie on the life and work of Thomas Wolfe, I was again reminded of how blind the professionals – in any field, perhaps, not just publishing – can be to work of extraordinary merit.

I doubt that Manuel Rosa's Columbus will prove that hard to project . . . via the world's de facto lingua franca. But even so, and with a nod to its minor flaws in diction and formatting, I'd still wager $25 that the Outwater edition's likelihood of becoming a collector's item is a better bet than $25 in random stocks or bonds these days.

But whether you ever invest your money in the purchase of, or go so far as to actually read, Columbus: The Untold Story, you have no reason to apologize. Book reviews exist largely to acquaint curious readers with the gist of writings they would never have time to explore for themselves. When and where to drill down deeper is a call that each of us makes intuitively, on his own – another function that book reviews can help us fulfill.

imited editions and radically new viewpoints are seldom discussed, or even alluded to, in the mainstream. When they do make some appearance, it's more than likely these upstarts will be dismissed out of hand.

Thus, The Kirkus Review gave a lukewarm assessment to Rosa's book recently – in which, nevertheless, it was conceded that Columbus: The Untold Story is "enjoy[able]," even "enthralling," and that Rosa's denial of the long-established, Italian-peasant Columbus is essentially well founded and correct. But in the last analysis, we are not to take this new interpretation of Columbus seriously. Two overarching reasons are suggested in the brief review; neither holds up to scrutiny.

To begin with, rejecting the author's controversial portrait of Columbus because it "assuredly violates Occam's razor" sounds more intelligent at first blush than it really is. The assertion is an amalgam of straw man and non-sequitur fallacies; its persuasive force derives purely from legerdemain. In effect, Kirkus Review is misrepresenting the very range and abundance of data that Rosa has assembled as "needless complexity," whereas (in my view) it's this very richness and fullness of documented evidence that most effectively solidifies the impression of Rosa's nobly-born Cristóbal Colón as the real McCoy. 

Kirkus Review gives no indication that Rosa's logic is askew, that his facts are insufficient . . . or non-factual. Ridicule, ad hominem attacks, and bald assertions are other devices of fallacious reasoning that one may commonly observe in criticisms such as this, where an argument is being rejected without the provision of real grounds for doing so.

As many – including, apparently, the nameless critic at Kirkus Review – are ever more boldly conceding, it's the venerable, Pulitzer-Prize-winning account of a Samuel Eliot Morison, say, that deserves to be laughed offstage, like some long-naked emperor. Yet the meticulously assembled findings of a Manuel Rosa are dismissed with a lightness of humor, a levity, which, while not open ridicule, clearly conveys the message that Rosa's thesis is a joke.

Besmirchment of the author's character, similarly, is so gentle that it's almost inconspicuous: he's put down for being "understandably defensive." However mild or muted it may sound – along with its presumption of guilt (or insufficiency) – this element of derision in the critic's judgment is still a twisted – underhanded – i.e., dishonest, and therefore invalid argumentative technique.

In the lack of any real evidence or proof, we are left at the end with nothing more substantial than a bald assertion, from an unidentified reviewer, to the effect that Manuel Rosa's book is "ultimately unconvincing."

Secondly, to reject Rosa's Columbus as a "conspiracy theory" is to beg the question. If the author has failed to demonstrate that Columbus was a conspirator, it's fair to expect a critical reviewer to give some indication of how Rosa has fallen short. Tagging Rosa's case with an overused buzzword in no way accomplishes this – a buzzword which, by the way, is wonderfully attuned to the mass confusion of consciousness in our times, as it manages to unify both stigma and accuracy within the same epithet. 

ivelihood, career and reputation are hard-won assets few today would put at risk for the sake of some obscure truth that Received Opinion (in whatever field, for whatever reason) has not affirmed. Professional intellectuals are no exception. Their opinions about paradigm-busting ideas may be expected to bend with the breeze of the hour – which is why evaluations like the one at Kirkus Review are practically useless in helping us determine whether a book like Columbus: The Untold Story, is worth reading – and almost certainly worse than useless as a filter for what the attentive public can safely ignore.

Seismic shifts build up slowly around big ideas, gathering force over time, until a critical mass arises – much as the scales in an old-fashioned candy shop rest solidly with the leaden weight, then very quickly even up as just a last few pieces are dropped onto the other side of the balance.

Fresh and powerful ideas whose very real merit conflicts with dominant outlooks and interests will typically acquire the status of open secrets, or (which is much the same) they'll languish amidst a conspiracy of silence. 

Under such circumstances, nothing that's consistent with the premise that there isn't an elephant in the room is going to require serious proof. But valid demonstrations to the contrary – especially if they're effective – will be at first ignored, next ridiculed, and then ever more heatedly resisted as the courageous proponents of truth and reason persist . . . until, of course, the tipping point is reached, whereon Received Incognizance will fizzle and disappear as quickly as spittle on a hot stove. 

he present-day, revisionist perceptions of Columbus have succeeded mainly at transforming his faded glory into esteem and sympathy for the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere. Of course, there is merit in this expansion of awareness and fellow feeling – quite apart from its common misuse for divisive political ends.

The current shift away from a Euro-centric perspective has surely reduced the potential impact that any radical reinterpretation of Columbus' identity is going to have on public consciousness.

Moreover, the fast pace of modern life, the short attention spans that nearly everyone is conditioned to, and the frightening volatility of current events will also diminish the public's sense that a new take – on the debated origins of some iconic figure from half a millennium ago – has much topical importance. 
Notwithstanding all of this, questions about the role and identity of Columbus remain intriguing, and potentially instructive, for there must be few historical figures whose character has been so firmly established, so broadly accepted – and yet remains so wildly inaccurate – as that of Christopher Columbus. 

The knowledge that we're drawn to seek rarely comes without its by-products . . . unanticipated reverberations of understanding that have the potential to deepen and sensitize our minds beyond what we could have imagined was possible. (Note the reverse is also true: steeping one's mind in filth and pabulum will surely defile and vulgarize it.)

Those who've gone on to read Columbus: The Untold Story – and thereby explored, at what is arguably their cutting edge, the questions at issue here – have to some degree exercised and challenged their minds, sharpening thereby out-of-the-box perception skills that may then be further honed through contact with other, commonly held mis-perceptions. 

Make no mistake: this world – awash in fraudulence and make believe – requires desperately the application of just such mental arts.

Society's allocation of trust has been all too commonly misguided. All too often it's the experts and anointed managers who – either by design, a lack of caring, or sheer ineptitude – facilitate the greatest injuries. Iatrogenesis is a notorious case in point, though politics, education, banking and the law come to mind at once as other major fields where abuse and charlatanism have been institutionalized.

hen such conditions become extreme, it's more vital than ever that freedom-loving individuals at the grassroots – an unsung minority of maybe one to three percent – mobilize their passion for truth, in whatever domain has captured their enthusiasm, and wherever they find the offenses of wrong against right and decency to have passed all reasonable bounds.

Often enough, truth does prove stranger than fiction – though it scarcely follows that a new explanation is true merely because it offends conventional thinking. 

In the case at issue, it's not only the time-worn Italian Columbus being increasingly perceived as a myth that's ready to collapse; what's far more astonishing – and (so far) insufficiently acknowledged – is the monumental fraudulence of the history that the myth inhabits, based on documents falsified centuries ago, to obscure a conspiracy, a history that's infused with deeply scrambled identities, phony voyages of discovery, and all the treacherous cunning of power politics.

That such a rotten conceptual edifice has occupied such a conspicuous place in the landscape of our past – over hundreds of years – is an observation that ought to give us pause. Shouldn't we be asking ourselves what else we might be that wrong about? 

Over the past decade, the comments of countless other readers, posting online, have confirmed my sense that Rosa's Columbus is a highly plausible and finely depicted candidate to fill the void left by the myth.

So, at the end of the day – independent thinker and eclectic reader that I am – why is my opinion any more credible than that of some anonymous book reviewer at a respected intellectual watering hole? Probably it isn't. But the issue is by no means resolved. If you're interested enough to have read this far, it's probably time for you to get on with it and read the book – then throw the weight of your conviction onto whichever side of the controversy it belongs.

Every myth that's dispelled, every error and deception that's exposed, every cleanup of every toxic mental spill, contributes in some way to the recovery of our moral environment – the unpredictable knock-on effects of which may prove more salutary than yet seems possible. 

Further Reading

Technocracy Rising: The Trojan Horse of Global Transformation, Patrick Wood

The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life, Eviatar Zerubavel

Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder, Nassim Taleb

The Transformation of War, Martin van Creveld


Friday, October 7, 2016


Learn the truth about the Discoverer of America in COLUMBUS—THE UNTOLD STORY


IR Verdict: Solving a 500-year-old medieval conspiracy, the information contained within the pages of COLUMBUS—THE UNTOLD STORY is nothing less than eye opening.

Book ReviewsHistoryIR ApprovedNonfiction  •  Oct 07, 2016

Purchase at www.Columbus-Book.com
A fateful opportunity turns into a twenty-five year documented research to prove that much of what you learned in school about Christopher Columbus turns out to be “a monumental lie.”
Columbus—The Untold Story unveils the entire story of deception about Don Critóbal Colón, “the man historians mistakenly call Christopher Columbus.” While working on genealogical tables for a translation of a controversial book on the infamous discoverer, historian Manuel Rosa is compelled to perform his own research. Expecting to disprove the outrageous claims of the author, Rosa’s passionate research only confirms the author’s assertions that Don Critóbal Colón was indeed an agent for King John II of Portugal. Over the course of 300-plus pages of densely packed information, Rosa relays the true account of this mysterious double agent—the learned man who was sent on a mission “to divert Spain away from the real India and protect Portugal’s monopoly” whose plan to fool the world lasted for half a millennium.
Rosa dispels conspiracy theories on Christopher Columbus in his magnum opus. An intense study combination of books, documents, chronicles, and the most uncompromising modern-day scientific methods, Rosa’s stunning research provides the latest and the greatest factual information to date on the real person who is recognized as the first person to discover America. As he takes his readers on an unforgettable historical journey detailing Colón’s extensive knowledge, travels, and tight connections with Portugal's king—to only name a few examples, Rosa’s major emphasis centers on evidence that reveals Colón’s true lineage. (Hint:  He’s NOT from Genoa, as history leads us to believe!) Although Rosa exposes immense amounts of incontrovertible data, he is forthright to mention that the research is not at the least exhaustive. That said, Rosa concludes by calling upon the scientific community for assistance in continued research. Encouraging “the exchange of ideas and information from others around the world,” Rosa includes a website where comments can be posted.
Solving a 500-year-old medieval conspiracy, the information contained within the pages of COLUMBUS—THE UNTOLD STORY is nothing less than eye opening.
~by Anita Lock for IndieReader

Monday, September 26, 2016

COLUMBUS, Untold Story at The Regulator Bookshop in Durham NC

Manuel Rosa, "Christopher Columbus: The Untold Story"

Friday, October 7 at 7:00PM
Manuel Rosa will be at The Regulator Bookshop in Durham NC, to read and sign his latest book, Columbus -- The Untold Story, a biography which unravels historical discrepancies surrounding Columbus and presents answers to the many reasonable questions that have never been explained. Columbus is truly an enigma with a much more complicated personal and professional life than history has told, including the high probability that he was of Polish royal blood.
Rosa has spent over a quarter century investigating America's legendary "discoverer" and his books have garnered International media attention and inspired dialogue amongst scholars, historians and educators. Now regarded as the world's foremost authority on Columbus, his own "voyage of discovery" began during the Columbus quincentennial, when his doubts were stirred by the supposed marriage of the lowly Italian peasant to a highborn Portuguese lady. Rosa has essentially proven that Columbus served as a double-agent for the Portuguese crown, that the Santa Maria never sank, but, rather, was purposefully marooned and that Columbus' 1498 Last Will and Testamentis a forgery.
Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American investigative historian who received the Boston Globe’s Art Merit Award in 1976, the Lockheed Martin Lightning Award in 2002, and the American Institute of Polish Culture’s Special Recognition Award in 2015. He has authored six foreign books on Columbus, has advised UNESCO and the Haitian government on matters related to Columbus' lost ship, the Santa Maria, and has appeared on BBC, NPR, the Travel Channel's "Expedition Unknown," and numerous foreign-language media.

Event date: 
10/07/2016 - 7:00pm

Wednesday, June 15, 2016

Buy "COLUMBUS-The Untold Story" here: www.Columbus-Book.com

Buy "COLUMBUS-The Untold Story" here: www.Columbus-Book.com
Proof that Columbus was not Italian will be presented in this lecture by Manuel Rosa, author of 6 history books on Columbus, including "Columbus-The Untold Story" -

*** Books cannot be sold at the event. Purchase ahead of time at www.Columbus/Book.com and pick up your signed book at the event

Free and Open to the Public

Sunday, May 1, 2016

Who was Columbus? Lecture at Xavier University, May 20

Order now at  www.Columbus-Book.com before it's sold-out!

May 20, 2016 is the 210th Anniversary Of the Death of Columbus: Died May 20, 1506

The untold story – was Columbus not Italian but of Polish Royalty?
Dinner with Manuel Rosa

Friday May 20 – Conaton Board, Schmidt Hall, Xavier University
5:30 – 6:15 reception; dinner at 6:15 / lecture and discussion starts at 7 pm

Join us for dinner and discussion with Manuel Rosa, author of COLUMBUS- the Untold Story.

Christopher Columbus's origins have long been shrouded in mystery for be utilized an assumed identity in Spain and continuously hid and lied about his past. Schoolbooks teach that the navigator was a poor Italian from a Genoese family of peasant wool weavers. Over the centuries there were claims that Columbus was a native of Greece, Spain, France, Scotland and even Jewish but according to new evidence, Columbus was none of the above for he hailed from Polish royalty.

Hear the latest evidence from Columbus expert Manuel Rosa, author of COLUMBUS. The Untold Story, who has spent 25-years investigating historical documents in various countries and bas unearthed unknown facts which are turning the Columbus history upside-down. "Our whole understanding of Christopher Columbus has for 500 years been based on misinformation. We couldn't solve the mystery because we were looking for the wrong man, following lies that were spread intentionally to bide his true identity," Mr. Rosa told The Daily Telegraph.

Rosa will present new insights into ulterior motives for the epic 1492 voyage across the sea. Columbus was not in search of the real India at all, but was acting as a double-agent with the secret mission of taking the Spanish crown, Portugal's only European enemy, as far away from India as possible. In this secret mission, the navigator was a true James Bond whose successful lie of America being India managed to fool the world for five centuries.

Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American historian and author who emigrated from the Azores to Boston in 1973. A graphic artist working for Atlantic Monthly and Boston Magazine, he became an IT Professional with Lockheed Martin and now works at Duke University. Mr. Rosa has lectured at European and American universities, has advised UNESCO and the Haitian government on matters related to Columbus, bas appeared on BBC, the Travel Channel's Expedition Unknown, on NPR, and many other media and foreign language documentaries.

Join us for a stimulating and entertaining evening about world history that you won 't want to miss.

Guests are welcome. RSVP to kstrunk@fbtlaw.com or call 513-651-6166. FPLC, Brueggeman Center, and World Affairs Council members-$25 / guests-$30. Pay at event or send check (payable to FPLC) to Joe Dehner, 3300 Great American Tower, 301 E. 4th Street, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202.

Thursday, March 3, 2016

COLUMBUS-THE UNTOLD STORY - Order Now - Limited Edition book

Place Your Book Order Now at www.Columbus-Book.com

ASSOCIATION CRISTÓVÃO COLÓN,  a non-profit organization, in collaboration with Nowy Dziennik – Polish Daily News, is funding the publication of the English language Edition of Manuel Rosa's award-winning and groundbreaking book COLUMBUS THE UNTOLD STORY.

For 10 years now, Mr. Rosa has been fighting the establishment and its Matrix trying to convince US Publishers to make his research available to the American public, all to no avail. Therefore, we are going directly to you. We feel you deserve to know the truth and that because you want to know the truth, you will support us in bringing "COLUMBUS. The Untold Story" to American readers by pre-ordering your copy today.

Mr. Rosa's first book on Columbus was publish in 2006 in Portugal. He next published "COLÓN. La historia nunca contada" (COLUMBUS. The Untold Story) in 2009 in Spain, then in Poland as "KOLUMB. Historia nieznana," which made the cover of Newsweek, selling out in months, and lastly in Lithuania as "KOLUMBAS. Atskleistoji istorija." 
COLUMBUS. The Untold Story reveals incredible hidden secrets of the life of Columbus, his double-mission in Spain and the surprisingly sophisticated world of fifteenth century, geopolitical politics and espionage. 

Another nutty conspiracy theory!! That’s what I first supposed. I now believe that Christopher Columbus is guilty of a huge fraud carried out over two decades.” - James T. McDonough, Jr., Ph.D. Professor for 31 years at St. Joseph’s University.

Columbus-The Untold Story Book Release event in Vilnius, Lithuania, 2014

Miltiades Varvounis, distinguished Greek-Polish historian, researcher and author wrote in an extensive article about Manuel Rosa's book on Christopher Columbus saying that the book, "is a magnum opus and by no means should be considered a work of pseudo history or just another source of nutty conspiracy theories. Rosa's numerous reliable findings and solid theories would make Sherlock Holmes jealous. The History of Columbus has many mixed-up facts and personalities, and maybe the time has come for the discoverer's life to be finally rewritten." - Source Lithuanian Heritage Magazine, (January/February 2913) pg. 28.
Cover of Newsweek, Poland, Feb. 2011 and enthusiastic readers showing off the Polish edition

This 25-year-long investigation has unearthed unknown facts regarding historical documents discovered in various countries, the information that the supposedly Italian Columbus did not even use Italian in his letters, not even to his brothers, neither did his brothers write Italian to Columbus. 

Add to this the sheer impossibility of a peasant Columbus being able to marry into the socially-superior nobility in Portugal plus have direct access to several monarchs in order to carry out his quest and it becomes apparent how the history we learned was not accurate. In short, academics now are forced to acknowledge that the Discoverer of America was no simple wool-weaver’s son from Genoa.

Lecture at Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture, Chicago, 2012

A Portuguese historian believes he has solved the 500-year-old mystery of Columbus' true identity after a thorough investigation of medieval documents and chronicles. The origins of the man who discovered the Americas has long been a subject of speculation. Contemporary accounts named his birth place as the Italian port of Genoa to a family of wool weavers but over the centuries it has been claimed that he was a native of Greece, Spain, France, Portugal and even Scotland. Others claimed his origins were hidden because he was Jewish or secretly working as a double agent for the Portuguese royal family. But the latest theory suggests that the great navigator, who died in 1506 after four voyages to the New World, was in fact of royal blood: the son of King Vladislav III who was supposedly slain in the Battle of Varna in 1444 ... fled to live in exile on the island of Madeira where he was known as "Henry the German" and married a Portuguese noblewoman. - From Balzekas Museum announcement of the Lithuanian book,  Chicago, IL

Lady Blanka Rosenstiel presenting "SPECIAL RECOGNITION" awards in Miami, Feb. 2015

This Limited Edition of "COLUMBUS. The Untold Story," is an unabridged translation from the 2014 Lithuanian book in its unedited form and has been augmented with surprising new information gathered over the last few years, solidifying Rosa's therory that Columbus was born of Royal Blood.

We are confident that you won't be disappointed with the incredible information Mr. Rosa's book presents regarding Columbus and his 1492 voyage to the Americas. 

Please sponsor this history-changing project and incite your family, friends and organizations to sponsors. You have nothing to lose, except the truth!

2014 Polish TV Documentary based on COLUMBUS: The Untold Story


“The book is an extensive and well-documented work on the still-enigmatic figure of Cristóbal Colón, with evocative and notorious contributions that will, with absolute certainty, be talked about for a long time.”
  ­– Professor D. Félix Martínez Llorente, University of Valladolid

"Any historian who is lucid (also if he is not lucid he can hardly be called a historian), given the knowledge of the social relations that prevailed at the time, cannot have any doubt of the FACT, that is more than obvious, that CRISTÓBAL COLÓN HAD TO BE SOMEONE BORN OF THE HIGHEST NOBILITY. Regarding this fact, END OF DISCUSSION. The evidence is now so plentiful that one merely needs to enumerate it to come to this obvious conclusion. His high nobility birth is an issue that is no longer worth wasting our time debating."
 –João Abel da Fonseca, Deputy Secretary-General of the Marine Academy, Secretary of the Class of Maritime History, Academic Correspondent of the Portuguese Academy of History, Vice-President of the Division of History of the Geographical Society of Lisbon, and Chairman of the Council of the Institute of European Culture and Atlantic

“I am a professor of History who specializes in 15th and 16th century Portuguese contacts with West Africa. I do Portuguese paleography, and my research supports your conclusions that Colón was a Portuguese spy for King João II.”
 – Professor Trevor Hall, - PhD. in History from Johns Hopkins University

 "Without a doubt, Manuel Rosa shoved a stick into an anthill destroying a great design. Its publication evokes a historical tsunami, which, not only turns upside-down the history of the discovery of America, but also makes one reflect on the current textbooks in the canon of history . . .The book is extensive and you cannot approach it lightly, or seeking sensationalism. It requires the reader to focus, reflect deeply, persevere through all the arguments put forward by the author, which consist of up-to-now unknown facts of the biography of Christopher Columbus."
- Adam Pawlowski, history  professor in Poland.

"I agree with Manuel Rosa’s research one hundred per cent ... Nothing invalidates the concept that he could have been born in Portugal.”
-Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão, ex-Dean of the University of Lisbon, World-renowned Professor and President of Portuguese Academy of History for 25 years. (Prof.  Serrão wrote in his preface for the Portuguese and Spanish editions.)

"No serious historian, after reading the original Portuguese, Spanish and Italian documents from the 15th-16th Centuries and after having done a proper study of Colón's original heraldic shield, can be indifferent to the truth, and continue insisting in sanctioning unequivocally what others had written prior to the new evidence. Manuel Rosa made an exceptional investigation methodological and well documented."
 – Professor José Carlos Calazans, Lusófona University in Lisbon

“Cristóvão Colón was a Portuguese born noble tied to the House of the Duke of Viseu.”
– Professor Manuela Mendonça, declared to the media following Rosa's lecture at the Portuguese Academy of History, May 16, 2012, as its president

"For the first time ever, a book was written about Colón without starting from any preconceived certainties and every piece of the puzzle is explained point by point."
 – Professor Antonio Vicente, History Professor at Lisbon University

“Finally we have a work of investigation into the history of the discovery of America that is amply documented and shows the real fraud created by the proponents of the accepted tale of an ignorant Columbus. It offers abundant clues to unraveling the great mystery that surrounds the «discoverer of America» and puts forth the long needed change in the perspective of the analysis of this historical figure.”
–José Rodrigues dos Santos, author and nightly news anchor for RTP, Portugal

Manuel Rosa lectures at Duke Universtiy, 2014 and with Lady Blanka during the ward ceremony in Miami 2015

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Currently considered the world's leading expert on the life of Columbus, Manuel Rosa is a Portuguese-American historian and author who emigrated from the Azores to the Boston area in 1973. In his early professional life, he was employed as a graphic artist working on books and national magazines including Atlantic Monthly and Boston Magazine. He later became an IT Professional employed by Lockheed Martin and currently works at Duke University.
He is also a recipient of the 1976 Boston Globe’s Art Merit Award, the Lockheed Martin Lightning Award in 2002 and the Polish Consulate “Special Recognition” award in 2015.
Mr. Rosa has lectured at European and American universities on Columbus, has advised UNESCO and the Haitian government on matters related to Columbus's lost ship, has appeared on BBC, on the Travel Channel’s Expedition Unknown, on NPR, and many other media and foreign language documentaries. 

Fluent in several languages, Mr. Rosa has spent a quarter century investigating and searching out the facts concerning Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America utilizing a non-biased scientific approach that has taken him to Portugal, Spain, Dominican Republic, Poland, Lithuania and many places in-between in a relentless pursuit of the truth. The new information he garnered about Christopher Columbus resulted in the publishing of his first book (of 640 pages) in 2006.
Mr. Rosa’s latest book “COLUMBUS-THE UNTOLD STORY” has been called an “magnum opus” that completely rewrites the history of Columbus and his Discovery of America.

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Filming for Travel Channel's "Expedition Unknown" in Haiti with Josh gates

Thank You
Association Cristóvão Colón
Nowy Dziennik – Polish Daily News